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Cousin to the firebrat, silverfish are wingless insects about 1/4- to 1/2-inch long with five legs. Their carrot-shaped body is completely silver in color. Silverfish are found in dark areas.
Able to thrive in virtually any climate, silverfish live in damp, dark areas, most commonly kitchens and bathrooms. They feed at night and stay close to food sources.
They like natural fibers like silk, cotton, rayon and anything starched. Because they feed on carbohydrates, particularly starch and sugar, silverfish can often be found in garages, sheds, and other areas where boxes are stored.
They are also attracted to cellulose, and are therefore often found in unopened food packages, shampoo, and glue.
There are few differences between an egg and adult silverfish in terms of appearance, and eggs come in clusters that range anywhere from 2 to 20.
Signs of an infestation include damaged boxes due to the insect feeding on them, accompanied by small piles of silverfish feces, which look like pepper flakes.
Silverfish are nocturnal insects that move quickly — therefore an infestation can go unnoticed for long periods of time. Body soil and food stains also attract contamination. Once they find a food source, they tend to stay close by. As they eat the “food” they cut irregular holes in the fibre usually following the outlines of the stain.
Firebrats are usually 1/4- to 1/2-inch long. The firebrat has a mottled silver and brown coat. They are wingless insects with carrot shaped bodies and five legs. They are active at night and firebrats prefer warm spaces like attics. Before you can control silverfish and firebrats you must first remove moisture and food that these insects crave.
A thorough cleaning before treatment is a must.
Silverfish are most often introduced into homes via boxes that have been moved from an infested location.
Silverfish nymphs tend to develop more quickly in damp environments, and they are therefore commonly found in bathrooms, garages, kitchens, basements, and laundry rooms.
Their destructive feeding habits can quickly ruin linens, boxes, and other items that serve as food sources.One of the best ways to eliminate a silverfish infestation is by performing simple home maintenance.
This includes controlling humidity, particularly in crawlspaces, vents, and baseboards by properly sealing the locations with industrial caulk. Inside the home, silverfish are attracted to foods such as flour and beef extract, which should be stored in airtight containers.
Both indoor and outdoor locations can act as a source for infestation.
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